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Dunyodagi eng baland osmono'par binolar - RBK 2005

Ro‘yxatga minoralar qo‘shilmadi, faqat osmono‘par binolar — uylar kiritildi (Shu sababli, masalan, Moskva va Torontodagi yuksak teleminoralar ushbu ro‘yxatda yo‘q). Garchi nomlarida «minora» (Tower) so‘zi ishlatilgan bir qator binolar ham bor bo‘lsa-da, ular aslida turar-joy va ofis binolaridir. Shunchaki, juda ham baland va ko‘p qavatli bo‘lganligi tufayli «minora» so‘zi ham nomlariga qo‘shilgan.

AQSh baland binolar ko‘pligi bo‘yicha hamon yetakchilikni qo‘ldan bermayapti — dunyodagi eng baland 100 ta binodan 40 tasi Qo‘shma Shtatlarda joylashgan. Osmono‘par binolari ko‘p shaharlar ichida ham yetakchilar AQShdan —Nyu-Yorkda – 12 ta va Chikagoda – 10 ta. AQShdan ro‘yxatga, shuningdek, Atlanta (3 ta), Xyuston (3 ta), Filadelfiya (2 ta), Los-Anjeles (2 ta), Dallas (2 ta), San-Frantsisko, Klivlend, Sietl, Pittsburg, Sharlotta va Indianapolis (1tadan) shaharlari ham kirgan.

Baland binolari ko‘pligi bo‘yicha ikkinchi o‘rinni Xitoy egallagan. Albatta, yaqinda qo‘shib olingan Gonkong Xitoyning bunday o‘ringa ko‘tarilishiga asosiy sababchi bo‘ldi. Yuzlikka kirgan 22 ta eng baland Xitoy binolarining 9 tasi Gonkongda, 4 tasi Shanxayda qad ko‘targan. Poytaxt Pekinda ushbu shaharlar binolari  bilan «bellashadigan» imoratlar topilmadi. Darvoqe, Vashingtonda ham, negaki, bu yerda Kapitoliy binosidan baland imorat qurish qonun yo‘li bilan taqiqlangan.

Ekspertlar yer yuzidagi eng baland bino deb Tairei 101 ni tan olishdi. Tayvan ma’muriy markazidagi bu bino 101 qavatli bo‘lib, 509 metr balandlikka ega. Qavatlar hisobi bo‘yicha esa ro‘yxatdagi 4-bino — Chikagodagi 1974 yili qurilgan 442 metrli Sears Tower  1-o‘rinni band etadi – 110 qavat. 

1931 yili foydalanishga topshirilgan, o‘sha yillari jahonning eng yuksak binosi bo‘lgan Nyu-Yorkdagi Empayr-Steyt-Bilding (102 qavat, 381 metr, 9-o‘rin) eng «keksa» osmono‘par imorat hisoblanadi.

Ro‘yxatdan 18 ta davlatda qad ko‘targan 100 ta eng baland bino o‘rin olgan bo‘lsa, shundan AQShdan 40 ta,  Xitoydan – 22 ta, Malayziya, Singapur, Yaponiya va Birlashgan Arab Amirliklaridan – 4 tadan, Tayvan, Janubiy Koreya va Kanadadan – 3 tadan, Germaniya, Avstraliya, Tailand va Saudiya Arabistonidan – 2 tadan. Rossiya, Shimoliy Koreya, Indoneziya, Filippin va Isroil – 1 tadan osmono‘pari bilan ro‘yxatga kirgan.

Qit’alar bo‘yicha olganda, yuzlikning 52 tasi – Osiyo, 43 tasi Amerika, 3 tasi – Yevropa va 2 tasi Avstraliyada joylashgan.

Muhammad Bobur 

 

Jahonning eng osmono'par binolari ro'yxati:

 

Bino

Shahar, davlat

Qurilgan

Qavat

Baland, m

1

Taipei 101

Taybey, Tayvan

2004

101

509

2

Petronas Tower 1

Kuala-Lumpur, Malayziya

1998

88

452

3

Petronas Tower 2

Kuala-Lumpur, Malayziya

1998

88

452

4

Sears Tower

Chikago, AQSh

1974

110

442

5

Jin Mao Building

Shanxay, Xitoy

1999

88

421

6

Two International Finance Centre

Gonkong, Xitoy

2003

88

415

7

CITIC Plaza

Guanchjou, Xitoy

1996

80

391

8

Shun Hing Square

Shenchjen, Xitoy

1996

69

384

9

Empire State Building

Nyu-York, AQSh

1931

102

381

10

Central Plaza

Gonkong, Xitoy

1992

78

374

11

Bank of China

Gonkong, Xitoy

1989

72

369

12

Emirates Tower One

Dubai, BAA

1999

54

355

13

Turntex Sky Tower

Gaosyun, Tayvan

1997

85

348

14

Aon Centre

Chikago, AQSh

1973

80

346

15

The Center

Gonkong, Xitoy

1998

73

346

16

John Hancock Center

Chikago, AQSh

1969

100

344

17

Ryugyong Hotel

Pxenyan, Shimoliy Koreya

1995

105

330

18

Burj Al Arab Hotel

Dubai, BAA

1999

60

321

19

Chrysler Building

Nyu-York, AQSh

1930

77

319

20

Bank of America Plaza

Atlanta, AQSh

1993

55

312

21

U.S. Bank Tower

Los-Anjeles, AQSh

1990

73

310

22

Menara Telekom Headquaters

Kuala-Lumpur, Malayziya

1999

55

310

23

Emirates Tower Two

Dubai, BAA

2000

56

309

24

AT&T Corporate Center

Chikago, AQSh

1989

60

307

25

JP Morgan Chase Tower

Xyuston, AQSh

1982

75

305

26

Baiyoke Tower II

Bangkok, Tailand

1997

85

304

27

Two Prudential Plaza

Chikago, AQSh

1990

64

303

28

Kingdom Centre

Ar-Riyod, Saud.Arabistoni

2002

41

302

29

First Canadian Palace

Toronto, Kanada

1975

72

298

30

Wells Fargo Plaza

Xyuston, AQSh

1983

71

296

31

Landmark Tower

Iokogama, Yaponiya

1993

70

296

32

311 South Wasker Drive

Chikago, AQSh

1990

65

293

33

SEG Plaza

Shenchjen, Xitoy

2000

71

292

34

American International Building

Nyu-York, AQSh

1932

67

290

35

Cheung Kong Center

Gonkong, Xitoy

1999

63

290

36

Key Tower

Klivlend, AQSh

1991

57

289

37

Plaza 66

Shanxay, Xitoy

2001

66

288

38

One Liberty Place

Filadelfiya, AQSh

1987

61

288

39

Sunjoy Tomorrow Square

Shanxay, Xitoy

2003

55

285

40

Bank of America Center

Sietl, AQSh

1984

76

284

41

Chongqing World Trade Center

Chuntsin, Xitoy

~2005

60

283

42

The Trump Building

Nyu-York, AQSh

1930

71

283

43

Bank of America Plaza

Dallas, AQSh

1985

72

281

44

United Overseas Bank Plaza

Singapur

1992

66

280

45

Republic Plaza

Singapur

1995

66

280

46

Overseas Union Bank Centre

Singapur

1986

63

280

47

Citigroup Center

Nyu-York, AQSh

1977

59

279

48

Hong Kong New World Building

Shanxay, Xitoy

2002

61

278

49

Scotia Plaza

Toronto, Kanada

1989

68

275

50

Williams Tower

Xyuston, AQSh

1983

64

275

51

Wuhan World Trade Tower

Uxan, Xitoy

1998

60

273

52

Renaissance Tower

Dallas, AQSh

1975

56

270

53

Dapeng International Plaza

Guanchjou, Xitoy

~2004

56

269

54

21st Century Tower

Dubai, BAA

2003

55

269

55

Al Faisaliah Center

Ar-Riyod, Saud.Arabistoni

2000

30

267

56

900 North Michigan Ave.

Chikago, AQSh

1989

66

265

57

Bank of America Corporate Center

Sharlotta, AQSh

1992

60

265

58

SunTrust Plaza

Atlanta, AQSh

1992

60

265

59

Triumph Palace

Moskva, Rossiya

2004

61

264

60

Shenzhen Special Zone Daily Tower

Shenchjen, Xitoy

1998

42

264

61

Tower Palace Three, Tower G

Seul, Yujnaya Koreya

2004

73

264

62

Trump World Tower

Nyu-York, AQSh

2001

72

262

63

Water Tower Place

Chikago, AQSh

1976

74

262

64

Aon Center

Los-Andjeles, AQSh

1974

62

262

65

BCE Place - Canada Trust Tower

Toronto, Kanada

1990

53

261

66

Post & Telecommunication Hub

Guanchjou, Xitoy

2002

66

260

67

Transamerica Pyramid

San-Frantsisko, AQSh

1972

48

260

68

G.E. Building

Nyu-York, AQSh

1933

70

259

69

Bank One Plaza

Chikago, AQSh

1969

60

259

70

Commerzbank Zentrale

Frankfurt, Germaniya

1997

56

259

71

Two Liberty Place

Filadelfiya, AQSh

1990

58

258

72

Philippine Bank of Communications

Makati, Filippin

2000

55

258

73

Park Tower

Chikago, AQSh

2000

67

257

74

Messeturm

Frankfurt, Germaniya

1990

64

257

75

Sorrento 1

Gonkong, Xitoy

2003

75

256

76

U.S. Steel Tower

Pittsburg, AQSh

1970

64

256

77

Mokdong Hyperion Tower A

Seul, Janubiy Koreya

2003

69

256

78

Rinku Gate Tower

Idzumisano, Yaponiya

1996

56

256

79

The Harbourside

Gonkong, Xitoy

2003

74

255

80

Langham Place Office Tower

Gonkong, Xitoy

~2004

59

255

81

Capital Tower

Singapur

2000

52

254

82

Highcliff

Gonkong, Xitoy

2003

73

253

83

Osaka World Trade Center

Osaka, Yaponiya

1995

55

252

84

Jiali Plaza

Uxan, Xitoy

1997

61

251

85

Rialto Tower

Melburn, Avstraliya

1985

63

251

86

One Atlantic Center

Atlanta, AQSh

1987

50

250

87

Wisma 46

Jakarta, Indoneziya

1995

46

250

88

Korea Life Insurance Company

Seul, Janubiy Koreya

1985

60

249

89

CitySpire

Nyu-York, AQSh

1989

75

248

90

One Chase Manhatten Plaza

Nyu-York, AQSh

1961

60

248

91

State Tower

Bangkok, Tailand

2001

68

247

92

Bank One Tower

Indianapolis, AQSh

1989

48

247

93

Conde Nast Building

Nyu-York, AQSh

1999

48

247

94

MetLife

Nyu-York, AQSh

1963

59

246

95

Bloomberg Tower

Nyu-York, AQSh

~2004

55

246

96

JR Central Towers

Nagoya, Yaponiya

2000

51

245

97

City Gate Tower

Ramat-Gan, Izrail

2001

67

244

98

Shin Kong Life Tower

Taybey, Tayvan

1993

51

244

99

Chifley Tower

Sidney, Avstraliya

1992

50

244

100

Menara Maybank

Kuala-Lumpur, Malayziya

1988

50

244

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