background
logotype

Jahon mamlakatlari - Microsoft Encarta 2003

JAHON MAMLAKATLARI HAQIDA TO`LIQ MA'LUMOTLAR: 
davlatlar, poytaxti, maydoni, aholisi, xalqi, dini, davlat tuzumi, pul birligi

Country (Davlat) Official name (Rasmiy nomi Capital (Poytaxti) Area (Maydoni) Population (Aholisi) Ethnic groups (Xalqi) Languages (Tili) (Religion) Dini Form of government (Davlat tuzumi) Currency (Pul birligi)
Afghanistan Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan Kābul 652,225 sq km 28,717,213 (2003) Pashtun 38%
Afghan Persian (Dari) 50%
Sunni Muslim 84% Islamic state;
transitional government
afghani (AF)
Albania Republic of Albania Tirana 28,748 sq km 3,582,205 (2003) Albanian 95% Albanian Muslim 39% Multiparty republic lek (L)
Algeria Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria
Algiers 2,381,741 sq km 32,818,500 (2003) Arab 83% 
Arabic (ofc.) Muslim 96% Republic Algerian dinar (AD)
Andorra Principality of Andorra Andorra la Vella 468 sq km 69,150 (2003) Spanish 61%
Catalan (ofc.) Roman Catholic 89% Parliamentary coprincipality The French and Spanish currencies are used.
Angola Republic of Angola Luanda 1,246,700 sq km 10,766,471 (2003) Ovimbunda 37%
Portuguese (ofc.); Roman Catholic 62%
Transitional government readjusted kwanza (AOK)
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda Saint John’s 442 sq km 67,897 (2003) Black African 96%
English (ofc.) Anglican 33% Parliamentary democracy East Caribbean dollar (EC$)
Argentina Argentine Republic Buenos Aires 2,780,400 sq km 38,740,807 (2003) Descendants of European immigrants 85% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 91% Federal Republic peso
Armenia Republic of Armenia Yerevan 29,800 sq km 3,326,448 (2003) Armenian 93%
Armenian 96% Armenian Apostolic 78% Republic dram
Australia Commonwealth of Australia Canberra 7,682,300 sq km 19,731,984 (2003) White 91%
English (ofc.) Roman Catholic 29% Federal parliamentary democracy Australian dollar ($A)
Austria Republic of Austria Vienna 83,858 sq km 8,188,207 (2003) German 99.4%
German (ofc.) Roman Catholic 76% Federal republic with parliamentary democracy euro (€)
Azerbaijan Republic of Azerbaijan Baku 86,600 sq km 7,830,764 (2003) Azeri 90.0%
Azeri 89% Muslim 84% Republic manat
Bahrain Kingdom of Bahrain Manama 707 sq km 667,238 (2003) Bahraini Arab 63%
Arabic (ofc.) Shiite Muslim 60% Sunni Muslim 25 %
Monarchy Bahraini dinar (BD)
Bangladesh People’s Republic of Bangladesh Dhaka 147,570 sq km 138,448,210 (2003) Bengali 98%
Bangla (ofc.) Muslim 86%
Republic taka (Tk)
Barbados Barbados Bridgetown 430 sq km 277,264 (2003) African 90%
English (ofc.) Protestant 31%
Parliamentary democracy Barbados dollar (Bds$)
Belarus Republic of Belarus Minsk 207,595 sq km 10,322,151 (2003) Belarusian 77.9%
Belarusian (ofc.) Eastern Orthodox 49%
Republic Belarusian ruble (Rbl)
Belgium Kingdom of Belgium Brussels 30,528 sq km 10,289,088 (2003) Flemish 55%
Dutch (ofc.) 56%
Roman Catholic 81%
Constitutional monarchy euro (€)
Belize Belize Belmopan 22,965 sq km 266,440 (2003) Mestizo 44%
English (ofc.) Roman Catholic 57%
Parliamentary democracy Belizean dollar (BZ$)
Benin Republic of Benin Porto-Novo 112,622 sq km 7,041,490 (2003) African French (ofc.) Indigenous beliefs 52% Multiparty republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Bhutan Kingdom of Bhutan Thimphu 47,000 sq km 2,139,549 (2003) Bhutia 50%
Dzongkha (ofc.) Buddhist 74%
Monarchy; special treaty relationship with India
ngultrum (Nu)
Bolivia Republic of Bolivia La Paz (seat of government); Sucre (country capital and seat of judiciary)
1,098,581 sq km 8,586,443 (2003) Quechua 30%
Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 88%
Republic boliviano (B)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 51,129 sq km 3,989,018 (2003) Muslim 40%
Serbo-Croatian (ofc.) 99%
Muslim 40% Multiparty republic convertible marka
Botswana Republic of Botswana Gaborone 581,730 sq km 1,573,267 (2003) Tswana 75%
English (ofc.) Other Christians 45%
Parliamentary republic pula (P)
Brazil Federative Republic of Brazil Brasília 8,547,404 sq km 182,032,600 (2003) Caucasian 55% Portuguese (ofc.) Roman Catholic (nominal) 90%
Federal republic real (R$)
Brunei Negara Brunei Darussalam Bandar Seri Begawan 5,765 sq km 358,098 (2003) Malay 64%
Malay (ofc.) Muslim (Islam is the ofc. religion) 64 % 
Constitutional sultanate Bruneian dollar (B$)
Bulgaria Republic of Bulgaria Sofia 110,994 sq km 7,537,929 (2003) Bulgarian 85.3%
Bulgarian (ofc.) Bulgarian Orthodox 72%
Multiparty republic new lev (Lv)
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 274,200 sq km 13,228,460 (2003) Mossi, Gourounsi, Senufo, Lobi French (ofc.)
Muslim 49% Multiparty republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Burundi Republic of Burundi Bujumbura 27,834 sq km 6,096,156 (2003) Hutu (Bantu speakers) 79%
Kirundi (ofc.), French (ofc.) Roman Catholic 57%
Republic Burundi franc (FBu)
Cambodia Kingdom of Cambodia Phnom Penh 181,035 sq km 13,124,764 (2003) Khmer 90%
Khmer (ofc.) Theravada Buddhist 85%
Constitutional monarchy riel (CR)
Cameroon Republic of Cameroon Yaoundé 475,442 sq km 15,746,179 (2003) Fang, Bamileke, Fulani 24 major African language groups
Roman Catholic 26% Multiparty republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Canada Canada Ottawa 9,970,610 sq km 32,207,113 (2003) British Isles origin 35.0%
English (ofc.), French (ofc.) Roman Catholic 45.2%
Federal parliamentary democracy Canadian dollar (C$)
Cape Verde Republic of Cape Verde Praia 4,033 sq km 412,137 (2003) Creole 71% Portuguese (ofc.) Roman Catholic 95% Republic Cape Verdean escudo (CVEsc)
Central African Republic Central African Republic Bangui 622,436 sq km 3,683,538 (2003) Baya 34% French (ofc.) Christian 45% Republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Chad Republic of Chad N’Djamena 1,284,000 sq km 9,253,493 (2003) Toubou, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko French (ofc.), Arabic (ofc.) Muslim 59% Republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Chile Republic of Chile Santiago 756,626 sq km 15,665,216 (2003) Mestizo 93% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 78% Multiparty Republic Chilean peso (Ch$)
China People’s Republic of China Beijing 9,571,300 sq km 1,286,975,500 (2003) Han Chinese 92% Standard Chinese, or Mandarin Officially atheist Communist state yuan
Colombia Republic of Colombia Bogotá 1,141,748 sq km 41,662,073 (2003) Mestizo 58% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 96% Multiparty Republic Colombian peso (Col$)
Comoros Union of Comoros Moroni 1,862 sq km 632,948 (2003) Mixed African, Arab Arabic (ofc.), French (ofc.) Muslim (largely Sunni) 98% Republic Comorian franc (CF)
Costa Rica Republic of Costa Rica San José 51,060 sq km 3,896,092 (2003) White (including mestizo) 96% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 91% Democratic republic Costa Rican colón (C)
Côte d’Ivoire Republic of Côte d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro 322,462 sq km 16,962,491 (2003) Akan (Baule, Agni), Kru French (ofc.) Indigenous beliefs 37% Muslim 30% Republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Croatia Republic of Croatia Zagreb 56,510 sq km 4,422,248 (2003) Croatian 78% Croatian 96% Roman Catholic 89% Multiparty republic kuna (HRK)
Cuba Republic of Cuba Havana 114,525 sq km 11,263,429 (2003) Mixed race 51% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 40% Communist state Cuban peso (Cu$)
Cyprus Republic of Cyprus Nicosia 9,251 sq km 771,657 (2003) Greek 85% Greek, Turkish Greek Orthodox 85% Republic Cyprus pound
Czech Republic Czech Republic Prague 78,864 sq km 10,249,216 (2003) Czech 94.0% Czech (ofc.) Roman Catholic 40% Unitary republic Czech koruna (Kc)
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Kinshasa 2,344,885 sq km 56,625,039 (2003) African ethnic groups French (ofc.) Christian 95% Republic with a strong presidential system Congolese franc
Denmark Kingdom of Denmark Copenhagen 43,094 sq km 5,384,384 (2003) Danish Danish (ofc.) Protestant 88% Constitutional monarchy Danish krone (DKr)
Djibouti Republic of Djibouti Djibouti 23,200 sq km 457,130 (2003) Somali (largely Issa) 60% French (ofc.), Arabic (ofc.) Muslim 94% Republic Djibouti franc (DF)
Dominica Commonwealth of Dominica Roseau 750 sq km 69,655 (2003) Black, Carib English (ofc.) Roman Catholic 80% Parliamentary democracy East Caribbean dollar (EC$)
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 48,400 sq km 8,715,602 (2003) Mixed 73% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 89% Republic Dominican peso (RD$)
East Timor Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste Dili 14,874 sq km 997,853 (2003) Eastern Tetum (Belu) 45% Tetum and Portuguese (ofc.) Roman Catholic 90% Parliamentary democracy United States dollar ($)
Ecuador Republic of Ecuador Quito 272,045 sq km 13,710,234 (2003) Mestizo 55% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 94% Republic United States dollar (US$)
Egypt Arab Republic of Egypt Cairo 997,739 sq km 74,718,797 (2003) Eastern Hamitic (Egyptians, Bedouin, and Berbers) 99% Arabic (ofc.) Muslim (mostly Sunni) 94% Republic Egyptian pound (£E)
El Salvador Republic of El Salvador San Salvador 21,041 sq km 6,470,379 (2003) Mestizo 90% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 91% Republic colón (C)
Equatorial Guinea Republic of Equatorial Guinea Malabo 28,051 sq km 510,473 (2003) Fang 80% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 86% Republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Eritrea State of Eritrea Asmara 121,144 sq km 4,362,254 (2003) Tigrinya 50% Tigrinya, Tigre, Arabic Orthodox Christian 46% Muslim 45% Transitional government nakfa
Estonia Republic of Estonia Tallinn 45,227 sq km 1,408,556 (2003) 1,408,556 (2003) Estonian (ofc.) Protestant 17% Orthodox Christian 16% Republic Estonian kroon (EEK)
Ethiopia Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Addis Ababa 1,133,380 sq km 66,557,553 (2003) Oromo 40% Amharic (ofc.) Orthodox Christian (Ethiopian) 36% Muslim 30% Federal republic birr (Br)
F.Y.R.O. Macedonia The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Skopje 25,713 sq km 2,063,122 (2003) Macedonian Slavs 67% Macedonian 70% Orthodox Christian (mostly Macedonian Orthodox) 60% Multiparty republic denar
Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia Palikir 702 sq km 136,973 (2003) Chuukese 41% English (ofc.) Christian 93% Constitutional government in free association with the United States since 1986 United States dollar (U.S.$)
Fiji Islands Republic of the Fiji Islands Suva 18,376 sq km 868,531 (2003) Fijian 50% English (ofc.) Protestant (mostly Methodist) Republic Fiji dollar (F$)
Finland Republic of Finland Helsinki 338,145 sq km 5,190,785 (2003) Finn 93% Finnish (ofc.) 92.5%  Protestant (Evangelical Lutheran) 86% Republic euro (€)
France French Republic Paris 543,965 sq km 60,180,529 (2003) Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, and Nordic French Roman Catholic 81% Presidential republic euro (€)
Gabon Gabonese Republic Libreville 267,667 sq km 1,321,560 (2003) Fang 36% French (ofc.) Christian 90% Multiparty republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Georgia Georgia Tbilisi 69,700 sq km 4,934,413 (2003) Georgian 70.1% Georgian (ofc.) Orthodox Christian 58% Republic Georgian lari
Germany Federal Republic of Germany Berlin 356,970 sq km 82,398,326 (2003) German 91.5% German (ofc.) Protestant 37% Roman Catholic 35% Federal republic euro (€)
Ghana Republic of Ghana Accra 238,500 sq km 20,467,747 (2003) Adangbe, Akuapem, Akyem English (ofc.) Ethnoreligionists or indigenous beliefs 24% Muslim Republic new cedi (C)
Greece Hellenic Republic Athens 131,957 sq km 10,665,989 (2003) Greek 98% Greek (ofc.) Greek Orthodox 94% Multiparty republic euro (€)
Grenada Grenada Saint George’s 344 sq km 89,258 (2003) Black African English (ofc.) Roman Catholic 56% Parliamentary democracy East Caribbean dollar (EC$)
Guatemala Republic of Guatemala Guatemala City 108,889 sq km 13,909,384 (2003) Ladino (mestizo) 56% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 84% Republic quetzal (Q)
Guinea Republic of Guinea Conakry 245,857 sq km 9,030,220 (2003) Fulani 35% French (ofc.) Muslim 67% Republic Guinean franc (FG)
Guinea-Bissau Republic of Guinea-Bissau Bissau 36,125 sq km 1,360,827 (2003) Balante 27% Portuguese (ofc.) Indigenous beliefs 45% Muslim 40% Multiparty republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Guyana Cooperative Republic of Guyana Georgetown 214,969 sq km 702,100 (2003) East Indian 51% English (ofc.) Hindu 33%

Republic Guyana dollar (G$)
Haiti Republic of Haiti Port-au-Prince 27,750 sq km 7,527,817 (2003) Black African 95% French (ofc.), Creole (ofc.) Roman Catholic 80% Republic gourde (G),
Honduras Republic of Honduras Tegucigalpa 112,492 sq km 6,669,789 (2003) Mestizo 90% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 86% Republic lempira (L)
Hungary Republic of Hungary Budapest 93,030 sq km 10,045,407 (2003) Hungarian (Magyar) 89.9% Hungarian (Magyar) Roman Catholic 63% Republic forint (Ft)
Iceland Republic of Iceland Reykjavík 103,000 sq km 280,798 (2003) Homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norwegians and Celts Icelandic (ofc.) Protestant, Evangelical Lutheran (ofc.) 90% Republic Icelandic króna (IKr)
India Republic of India New Delhi 3,165,596 sq km 1,049,700,100 (2003) Indo-Aryan 72% Hindi 40% Hindu 75%

Federal republic Indian rupee (Re)
Indonesia Republic of Indonesia Jakarta 1,904,443 sq km 234,893,450 (2003) Javanese 45% Bahasa Indonesia (modified form of Malay; ofc.) Muslim 87% Republic Indonesian rupiah (Rp)
Iran Islamic Republic of Iran Tehrān 1,648,000 sq km 68,278,826 (2003) Persian 60% Persian (Farsi) and Persian dialects 58% Shiite Muslim 93% Islamic republic Iranian rial (IR)
Iraq Republic of Iraq Baghdād 438,317 sq km 24,683,313 (2003) Arab 75-80% Arabic (ofc.),  Muslim 96% Republic Iraqi dinar (Id)
Ireland Ireland Dublin 70,273 sq km 3,924,140 (2003) Celtic, English Irish (Gaelic) is spoken mainly in areas along the western seaboard. Roman Catholic 85% Republic euro (€)
Israel State of Israel Jerusalem 21,946 sq km 6,116,533 (2003) Jewish (Israel-born 62% Hebrew (ofc.) Jewish 77% Muslim (mostly Sunni Muslim) 12% Republic new Israeli sheqel (NIS)
Italy Italian Republic Rome 301,323 sq km 57,998,353 (2003) Italian Italian (ofc.) Roman Catholic 98% Republic euro (€)
Jamaica Jamaica Kingston 10,991 sq km 2,695,867 (2003) Black African 91% English (ofc.), Creole Protestant 61% Parliamentary democracy Jamaican dollar (J$)
Japan Japan Tokyo 377,837 sq km 127,214,500 (2003) Japanese 99.4% Japanese (ofc.) Buddhist 55% Constitutional monarchy yen
Jordan Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan Amman 89,556 sq km 5,460,265 (2003) Arab 98% Arabic (ofc.) Muslim (Islam is the ofc. religion; almost all Sunni Muslim) 93% Constitutional monarchy Jordanian dinar (Jd)
Kazakhstan Republic of Kazakhstan Astana 2,717,300 sq km 16,763,795 (2003) Kazakh (Qazaq) 46% Kazakh (Qazaq, ofc. language) Muslim 43% Republic tenge (T)
Kenya Republic of Kenya Nairobi 582,646 sq km 31,639,091 (2003) Kikuyu 21% English (ofc.), Swahili or Kiswahili (ofc.) Protestant 43% Republic Kenya shilling (Ksh)
Kiribati Republic of Kiribati Tarawa 811 sq km 98,549 (2003) Micronesian, Tuvaluan minority English (ofc.) Roman Catholic 53% Republic Australian dollar ($A)
Kuwait State of Kuwait Kuwait City 17,818 sq km 2,183,161 (2003) Kuwaiti 45% Arabic (ofc.) Sunni Muslim 45% Shia Muslim 40% Nominal constitutional monarchy Kuwaiti dinar (KD)
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Republic Bishkek 198,500 sq km 4,892,808 (2003) Kyrgyz 57% Kyrgyz (ofc.) Muslim 61% Republic som
Laos Lao People’s Democratic Republic Vientiane 236,800 sq km 5,921,545 (2003) Lao Lum (lowland Lao), including Lao and Tai 66% Lao (ofc.) Buddhist 49% Communist state new kip (NK)
Latvia Republic of Latvia Rīga 63,700 sq km 2,348,784 (2003) Latvian 55% Latvian (ofc.) Nonreligious 26% Republic lats
Lebanon Republic of Lebanon Beirut 10,452 sq km 3,727,703 (2003) Arab 93% Arabic (ofc.) Muslim 70% Republic Lebanese pound (£L)
Lesotho Kingdom of Lesotho Maseru 30,355 sq km 1,861,959 (2003) Basotho 79% Sesotho (southern Sotho, ofc.) Christian 91% Constitutional monarchy loti (L)
Liberia Republic of Liberia Monrovia 99,067 sq km 3,317,176 (2003) Indigenous African ethnic groups (Bassa, Gio, Kpelle, Kru) English (ofc.) 20% Mande, Kru-Bassa, other 80% Indigenous beliefs 43% Muslim 16% Republic Liberian dollar (L$)
Libya Great Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Tripoli 1,757,000 sq km 5,499,074 (2003) Arab and Berber 97% Arabic (ofc.), Berber Sunni Muslim 96% Socialist state with military dictatorship Libyan dinar (LD)
Liechtenstein Principality of Liechtenstein Vaduz 160 sq km 33,145 (2003) Liechtensteiner 62% German (ofc.) Roman Catholic 74% Hereditary constitutional monarchy Swiss franc or franken (SwF)
Lithuania Republic of Lithuania Vilnius 65,300 sq km 3,592,561 (2003) Lithuanian 80% Lithuanian (ofc.) Roman Catholic 84% Republic litas
Luxembourg Grand Duchy of Luxembourg Luxembourg 2,586 sq km 454,157 (2003) Celtic base (with French and German blend) 75% Luxembourgisch, German, French, English Roman Catholic 94% Constitutional monarchy euro (€)
Madagascar Republic of Madagascar Antananarivo 587,041 sq km 16,979,744 (2003) Merina 27% Betsimisaraka 15% French (ofc.) Indigenous beliefs 48% Multiparty republic Malagasy franc (FMG)
Malawi Republic of Malawi Lilongwe 118,484 sq km 11,651,239 (2003) Chewa, Nyanja, Tumbuka, Yao English (ofc.) Christian 76% Multiparty republic Malawian kwacha (MK)
Malaysia Federation of Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 329,758 sq km 23,092,940 (2003) Malays and other indigenous groups 59% Bahasa Malaysia (ofc.) Muslim 48% Federal Constitutional monarchy ringgit Malaysia (RM)
Maldives Republic of Maldives Malé 298 sq km 329,684 (2003) Sinhalese, Dravidian, Arab, African Divehi (ofc.; dialect of Sinhala) Muslim (Islam is the ofc. religion; mostly Sunni Muslim) 99 % Republic rufiyaa (Rf)
Mali Republic of Mali Bamako 1,240,192 sq km 11,626,219 (2003) Bambara, Fulani, Tuareg, Soninke French (ofc.) Muslim 81% Republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Malta Republic of Malta Valletta 316 sq km 400,420 (2003) Maltese 96% Maltese (ofc.), English (ofc.) Roman Catholic 95% Parliamentary democracy Maltese lira (LM)
Marshall Islands Republic of the Marshall Islands Majuro 181 sq km 56,429 (2003) Micronesian, German, Japanese English (ofc. and universally spoken) Christian (mostly Protestant) 97% Republic United States dollar (U.S.$)
Mauritania Islamic Republic of Mauritania Nouakchott 1,031,000 sq km 2,912,584 (2003) Moor 30% Mixed Moor, black 40% Arabic (ofc.) Muslim (Islam is the ofc. religion; almost all Sunni Muslim) Republic ouguiya (UM)
Mauritius Republic of Mauritius Port Louis 2,040 sq km 1,210,447 (2003) Indian Mauritian 68% English (ofc.) Hindu 44%

Parliamentary democracy Mauritian rupee (MauR)
Mexico United Mexican States Mexico City 1,964,382 sq km 104,907,990 (2003) Mestizo (Native American-Spanish) 60% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 89% Federal republic nuevo Mexican peso (Mex$)
Moldova Republic of Moldova Chişinău 33,700 sq km 4,439,502 (2003) Moldovan (Romanian) 65% Moldovan (ofc.; identical to Romanian) Orthodox Christian 45% Republic Moldovan leu
Monaco Principality of Monaco Monaco 2 sq km 32,130 (2003) French (ofc.) 47% French (ofc.) Roman Catholic 90% Constitutional monarchy euro (€)
Mongolia Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 1,566,500 sq km 2,712,315 (2003) Mongol 90% Khalkha Mongolian 90% Indigenous beliefs 31% Tibetan Buddhist (Lamaist) 23% Republic tugrik (Tug)
Morocco Kingdom of Morocco Rabat 453,730 sq km 31,689,265 (2003) Arab, Berber Arabic (ofc.) Muslim 98% Constitutional monarchy Moroccan dirham (DH)
Mozambique Republic of Mozambique Maputo 799,380 sq km 17,479,266 (2003) Makua, Yao, Makonde, Tonga Portuguese (ofc.) Indigenous beliefs 50%  Republic metical (Mt)
Myanmar Union of Myanmar Yangon 676,552 sq km 42,510,537 (2003) Burman 68% Burmese (ofc.) Buddhist 73% Military government kyat (K)
Namibia Republic of Namibia Windhoek 824,269 sq km 1,927,447 (2003) Black 86.0% Although English is the ofc. language Christian 92% Republic Namibian dollar (N$)
Nauru Republic of Nauru No ofc. capital; government offices in Yaren 21 sq km 12,570 (2003) Nauruan 58% Nauruan (ofc.) Protestant 51% Republic Australian dollar ($A)
Nepal Kingdom of Nepal Kathmandu 147,181 sq km 26,469,569 (2003) Newar, Bihari, Tibetan, Gurung Nepali (ofc.) Hindu (Hinduism is the ofc. religion) 86% Constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy Nepalese rupee (NR)
New Zealand New Zealand Wellington 270,534 sq km 3,951,307 (2003) European 75%

English (ofc.)

Protestant 24% Parliamentary democracy New Zealand dollar ($NZ)
Nicaragua Republic of Nicaragua Managua 129,494 sq km 5,128,517 (2003) Mestizo 69% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 85% Republic córdoba (C$)
Niger Republic of Niger Niamey 1,267,000 sq km 11,058,590 (2003) Hausa 56.0% French (ofc.) Muslim 90% (almost all Sunni Muslim) Democratic republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Nigeria Federal Republic of Nigeria Abuja 923,768 sq km 133,881,700 (2003) Hausa, Fulani, Yoruba, and Igbos English (ofc.), Hausa, Yoruba Christian 46% Muslim 44% Federal Republic naira (N)
North Korea Democratic People’s Republic of Korea P’yŏngyang 120,538 sq km 22,466,481 (2003) Ethnically homogeneous Korean (ofc.) Nonreligious 56% Communist state North Korean won (Wn)
Norway Kingdom of Norway Oslo 385,639 sq km 4,546,123 (2003) Germanic (Nordic, Alpine, Baltic) Norwegian (ofc.) Evangelical Lutheran (ofc.) 94% Constitutional monarchy Norwegian krone (NKr)
Oman Sultanate of Oman Masqaţ 309,500 sq km 2,807,125 (2003) Omani Arab 75% Arabic (ofc.) Ibadi Muslim (Islam is the ofc. religion) 75% Other Muslim (Shia and Sunni) 13% Monarchy rial Omani (RO)
Pakistan Islamic Republic of Pakistan Islāmābād 796,095 sq km 150,694,740 (2003) Punjabi 48% Pashtun 13  Urdu (ofc.) Sunni Muslim 77% Shia Muslim 20% Republic Pakistani rupee (PRe)
Palau Republic of Palau Koror 488 sq km 19,717 (2003) Palauan (mix of Malay, Melanesian, and Polynesian) Palauan (ofc.), English (ofc.) Christian 96% Palau is fully responsible for internal affairs. The United States retains responsibility for defense. United States dollar (US$)
Panama Republic of Panama Panama City 75,517 sq km 2,960,784 (2003) Mestizo 70% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 77% Republic balboa (B)
Papua New Guinea Independent State of Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 462,840 sq km 5,295,816 (2003) Melanesian, Papuan 98% English (ofc.) Protestant 57% Parliamentary democracy kina (K)
Paraguay Republic of Paraguay Asunción 406,752 sq km 6,036,900 (2003) Mestizo 95% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 90% Republic guaran* (G)
Peru Republic of Peru Lima 1,285,216 sq km 28,409,897 (2003) Native American 45% Spanish (ofc.), Quechua (ofc.), Aymara (ofc.),  Roman Catholic 90% Republic nuevo sol (S/.)
Philippines Republic of the Philippines Manila 300,000 sq km 84,619,974 (2003) Malay (including Tagalog, Visayan, Ilocano) 95% Filipino (ofc.; based on Tagalog), English (ofc.) Roman Catholic 84% Republic Philippine peso (P)
Poland Republic of Poland Warsaw 312,684 sq km 38,622,660 (2003) Polish 97.6% Polish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 92% Multiparty republic zloty (Zl)
Portugal Portuguese Republic Lisbon 92,345 sq km 10,102,022 (2003) Ethnically homogeneous Portuguese (ofc.) Roman Catholic 91% Republic euro (€)
Qatar State of Qatar Doha 11,427 sq km 817,052 (2003) Arab 40% Arabic (ofc.) Muslim (Islam is the ofc. religion; mostly Sunni Muslim) 85 % Traditional monarchy Qatari riyal (QR)
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Brazzaville 342,000 sq km 2,954,258 (2003) Kongo 48%

French (ofc.) Roman Catholic Republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Romania Romania Bucharest 237,500 sq km 22,271,839 (2003) Romanian 89% Romanian (ofc.) Orthodox (Romanian) Christian 70% Parliamentary republic leu (L)
Russia Russian Federation Moscow 17,075,200 sq km 144,526,280 (2003) Russian 81.5% Russian (ofc.) Orthodox (Russian) Christian 52% Federal republic ruble (R)
Rwanda Rwandese Republic Kigali 26,338 sq km 7,810,056 (2003) Hutu 85% Kinyarwanda (ofc.), French (ofc.), English (ofc.) Roman Catholic 51% Republic; presidential multiparty system Rwandan franc (RF)
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Castries 616 sq km 162,157 (2003) African 90% English (ofc.) Roman Catholic 75% Constitutional monarchy East Caribbean dollar (EC$)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 389 sq km 116,812 (2003) Black African descent, white English (ofc.) Christian 89% Constitutional monarchy East Caribbean dollar (EC$)
Samoa Independent State of Samoa Apia 2,831 sq km 178,173 (2003) Samoan (Polynesian) 92.6% Samoan (ofc.), English (ofc.) Christian (mostly Protestant) 97% Constitutional monarchy tala (SA$)
San Marino Republic of San Marino San Marino 61 sq km 28,119 (2003) Sammarinese, Italian Italian (ofc.) Roman Catholic (ofc.) 89% Republic euro (€)
São Tomé and Príncipe Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé 1,001 sq km 175,883 (2003) Mestiço, angolares (descendants of Angolan slaves) Portuguese (ofc.), Fang Christian 95% Republic dobra (Db)
Saudi Arabia Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Riyadh 2,240,000 sq km 24,293,844 (2003) Arab (including Yemeni) 95% Arabic (ofc.) Muslim (ofc., mostly Sunni Muslim) 94% Monarchy Saudi riyal (SR)
Senegal Republic of Senegal Dakar 196,722 sq km 10,580,307 (2003) Wolof 44% French (ofc.), Wolof Muslim 87% Multiparty republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro Belgrade 102,173 sq km 10,655,774 (2003) Serb 63% Serbian (ofc.) Orthodox (Serbian) Christian 57% Muslim 16% Republic Yugoslav new dinar (YD)
Seychelles Republic of Seychelles Victoria 454 sq km 80,469 (2003) Seychellois (mixture of African, European, and Asian) Seselwa (a Creole), French, English Roman Catholic 90% Republic Seychelles rupee (SRe)
Sierra Leone Republic of Sierra Leone Freetown 71,740 sq km 5,732,681 (2003) Black Africans, including the Mende, Temne, and Limba English (ofc.) Muslim 46% A military coup toppled the civilian government (elected in February 1996) in May 1997; civilian rule returned in February 1998. leone (Le)
Singapore Republic of Singapore Singapore 648 sq km 4,608,595 (2003) Chinese 76% Chinese (ofc.), Malay (ofc.), Tamil (ofc.), English (ofc.) Folk religions 43% Muslim 18% Unitary republic Singapore dollar (S$)
Slovakia Slovak Republic Bratislava 49,035 sq km 5,430,033 (2003) Slovak 85.7% Slovak (ofc.) Roman Catholic 68% Parliamentary democracy Slovak koruna (Sk)
Slovenia Republic of Slovenia Ljubljana 20,253 sq km 1,935,677 (2003) Slovene 87.8% Slovenian (ofc.) Roman Catholic 84% Multiparty republic tolar (SIT)
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands Honiara 27,556 sq km 509,190 (2003) Melanesian 93.0% Melanesian pidgin, English (ofc.) Anglican 38% Protestant 36% Parliamentary democracy Solomon Islands dollar (SI$)
Somalia Somalia Mogadishu 637,700 sq km 8,025,190 (2003) Somali 85% Somali (ofc.), Arabic, Italian Muslim (Islam is the ofc. religion; almost all Sunni Muslim) 99% The nation has been threatened for years by civil strife and has been torn by a bloody power struggle between clans since 1991. Somali shilling (So. Sh.)
South Africa Republic of South Africa Pretoria (administrative); Cape Town (legislative); Bloemfontein (judicial) 1,219,090 sq km 42,768,678 (2003) Africans/Black 77% 11 ofc. languages: Afrikaans and English (European origin); Black Independent Churches 46% Republic rand (R)
South Korea Republic of Korea Seoul 99,268 sq km 48,289,037 (2003) Racially homogeneous Korean (ofc.) Christian 41% Republic South Korean won (W)
Spain Kingdom of Spain Madrid 505,990 sq km 40,217,413 (2003) Spanish 74% Castilian Spanish (ofc. national language) 74% Roman Catholic 97% Parliamentary monarchy euro (€)
Sri Lanka Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura (legislative capital) Colombo (administrative capital) 65,610 sq km 19,742,439 (2003) Sinhalese 74% Sinhala (ofc.) 74% Buddhist 69% Republic Sri Lanka rupee (SLRe)
St. Kitts and Nevis Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 269 sq km 38,763 (2003) Black African English (ofc.) Protestant 58% Constitutional monarchy East Caribbean dollar (EC$)
Sudan Republic of the Sudan Khartoum 2,505,800 sq km 38,114,160 (2003) Black African (Dinka, Nuer, Shilluk, Azande, Kakwa) 49% Arabic (ofc.), Nubian, Dinka, Nuer, Bari, Lotuko, English Sunni Muslim (in the north) 70% Transitional Sudanese dinar (Sd)
Suriname Republic of Suriname Paramaribo 163,265 sq km 435,449 (2003) Hindustani (descendants of immigrants from northern India) 37% Dutch (ofc.), English, Sranang Tongo (Surina-mese or Taki-Taki), Hindustani Roman Catholic 23% Republic Suriname guilder, gulden, or florin (Sf.)
Swaziland Kingdom of Swaziland Mbabane 17,363 sq km 1,161,219 (2003) Swazi 97%

English (ofc.), siSwati (ofc.) Christian 86% Monarchy lilangeni (E)
Sweden Kingdom of Sweden Stockholm 449,964 sq km 8,878,085 (2003) Swedish, Saami, Finnish, Yugoslav, Danish Swedish (ofc.), English Protestant (Evangelical Lutheran) 68% Constitutional monarchy Swedish krona (SKr)
Switzerland Swiss Confederation Bern 41,285 sq km 7,318,638 (2003) German 65% German (ofc.), French (ofc.), Italian (ofc.) Roman Catholic 44% Federal republic Swiss franc, Franke, or franco (SwF)
Syria Syrian Arab Republic Damascus 185,180 sq km 17,585,540 (2003) Arab 90% Arabic (ofc.) Sunni Muslim 73% Republic Syrian pound (£S)
Tajikistan Republic of Tajikistan Dushanbe 143,100 sq km 6,863,752 (2003) Tajik 65% Uzbek 25% Tajik (ofc.), Dari, Russian, Uzbek Sunni Muslim 80% Republic Tajik ruble (TJR)
Tanzania United Republic of Tanzania Dar es Salaam (current) Dodoma (designate) 945,100 sq km 35,922,454 (2003) Sukuma, Nyamwezi, Haya, Ngonde, Chagga Swahili (ofc.), English (ofc.) Christian 45% Muslim 35% Republic Tanzanian shiling (TSh)
Thailand Kingdom of Thailand Bangkok 513,115 sq km 64,265,276 (2003) Thai 75% Thai (ofc.), English Buddhist (Theravada) 85%  Constitutional monarchy baht (B)
The Bahamas The Commonwealth of The Bahamas Nassau 13,939 sq km 297,477 (2003) Black 85% English, Creole (among Haitian immigrants) Protestant 55% Constitutional monarchy Bahamian dollar (B$)
The Gambia Republic of The Gambia Banjul 11,295 sq km 1,501,050 (2003) Mandinka 42% English (ofc.), Mandinka Muslim 87% Multiparty republic dalasi (D)
The Netherlands Kingdom of the Netherlands Amsterdam; The Hague is the seat of government. 41,526 sq km 16,150,511 (2003) Dutch 96% Dutch (ofc.) Roman Catholic 34% Constitutional monarchy euro (€)
Togo Republic of Togo Lomé 56,785 sq km 5,429,299 (2003) Ewe, Kabiy*, Gurma French (ofc.) Indigenous beliefs 38% Multiparty republic Communaut* Financière Africaine (CFA) franc
Tonga Kingdom of Tonga Nuku‘alofa 750 sq km 108,141 (2003) Tongan 98% Tongan (ofc.), English (ofc.) Christian 91% Hereditary constitutional monarchy pa'anga (T$)
Trinidad and Tobago Republic of Trinidad and Tobago Port-of-Spain 5,128 sq km 1,104,209 (2003) Black African 41% English (ofc.), Hindi Roman Catholic 30% Parliamentary democracy Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TT$)
Tunisia Tunisian Republic Tunis 164,418 sq km 9,924,742 (2003) Arab-Berber 98% Arabic (ofc.), French Muslim (Islam is the ofc. religion; mostly Sunni Muslim) Republic Tunisian dinar (TD)
Turkey Republic of Turkey Ankara 779,452 sq km 68,109,469 (2003) Turkish 80% Turkish (ofc.) Muslim (mostly Sunni Muslim) 97% Presidential republic Turkish lira (TL)
Turkmenistan Republic of Turkmenistan Ashgabat 488,100 sq km 4,775,544 (2003) Turkmen 77% Turkmen (ofc.) 72% Muslim (mostly Sunni Muslim) 87% Republic Turkmen manat
Tuvalu Tuvalu Funafuti 26 sq km 11,305 (2003) Polynesian 96% Tuvaluan (ofc.), English (ofc.) Christian 89% Constitutional monarchy Tuvaluan dollar ($T)
Uganda Republic of Uganda Kampala 241,038 sq km 25,632,794 (2003) Ganda 18%
Nyankole 10%
English (ofc.) Roman Catholic 41% Republic Uganda shilling (USh)
Ukraine Ukraine Kiev 603,700 sq km 48,055,439 (2003) Ukrainian 73% Ukrainian (ofc.), Russian Orthodox (Ukrainian) Christian 54% Republic hryvnia
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 83,600 sq km 2,484,818 (2003) UAE Arab 19% Other Arab 23% South Asian Arabic (ofc.) Islam (mostly Sunni Muslim) 76% Federation of seven emirates UAE dirham (Dh)
United Kingdom United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland London 244,110 sq km 60,094,648 (2003) White 94% English (ofc.), Welsh, Scottish Gaelic Anglican 45% Constitutional monarchy pound sterling (£)
United States United States of America Washington, D.C. 9,629,047 sq km 290,342,550 (2003) White 83.4% English, Spanish, French, German Protestant 56% Federal republic United States dollar (US$)
Uruguay Eastern Republic of Uruguay Montevideo 176,215 sq km 3,413,329 (2003) European descent 88% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 77% Republic peso uruguayo
Uzbekistan Republic of Uzbekistan Toshkent 447,400 sq km 25,981,647 (2003) Uzbek 80% Uzbek (ofc.) 74.3% Muslim (mostly Sunni) 76% Republic sum
Vanuatu Republic of Vanuatu Port-Vila 12,190 sq km 199,414 (2003) ni-Vanuatu (Melanesian) 94% English (ofc.), French (ofc.) Protestant 54% Republic vatu (VT)
Vatican City Vatican City State Vatican City 0.44 sq km 850 (1997 estimate) Italian, Swiss Italian (ofc.), Latin (ofc.) Roman Catholic (ofc.) 98% Monarchical-sacerdotal state euro (€)
Venezuela Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela Caracas 912,050 sq km 24,654,694 (2003) Mestizo 67% Spanish (ofc.) Roman Catholic 94% Federal republic bolivar (Bs)
Vietnam Socialist Republic of Vietnam Hanoi 331,690 sq km 81,624,716 (2003) Vietnamese 90% Vietnamese (ofc.) Buddhist (Mahayana) 50% Socialist republic new dông (Ð)
Yemen Republic of Yemen Sana‘a 527,970 sq km 19,349,881 (2003) Predominantly Arab Arabic (ofc.) Muslim, including Shafi'i (Sunni Muslim) and Zaydi (Shia Muslim) 99% Republic Yemeni riyal (YRl)
Zambia Republic of Zambia Lusaka 752,614 sq km 10,307,333 (2003) Bemba, Nyanja, Tonga English (ofc.), Bemba Roman Catholic 33% Republic Zambian kwacha (K)
Zimbabwe Republic of Zimbabwe Harare 390,759 sq km 12,576,742 (2003) Shona 71% English (ofc.), Shona, Ndebele Syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 40% Presidential republic Zimbabwe dollar (Z$)
Ushbu ma'lumotlar Microsoft Encarta Enciclopedia Deluxe 2004 dan olindi. © 1993-2003 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved

2004-2017 © www.ziyouz.com. Saytda taqdim etilgan elektron manbalardan faqatgina shaxsiy mutolaa maqsadida foydalanish mumkin. Tijoriy maqsadlarda foydalanish (sotish, chop etish, ko‘paytirish, tarqatish) qonunan taqiqlanadi.

.